Use Our Train Ticket Booking Service for the Suggested Itinerary:
We suggest tourists to take the bullet train from Shanghai to Qufu, to Taian (Mt.Taishan), then return to Shanghai. It is convenient and cheap. But the problem is tourists should know some Mandarin. It is because there is no English service at the railway station, and you should speak with the taxi driver to tell them where to go.
For the bullet train, the seats are classified into three classes:
2nd class, 1st class and business class.
The business class is the most expensive, only 3 seats at one row.
The 1st class is with 4 seats at one row.
The 2nd class is with 5 seats at one row. But in our idea, the 2nd class seat is already comfortable enough.
For the tour in Qufu and Taian, you can take taxi and walk to the attractions you prefer to visit. It is easy for tourists to get to any places on foot.
* For the hotel in these cities, we suggest you can stay at the 3-star or the express business Hotel. Although they are not as luxurious as the high grade hotel, some of them may have no breakfast service or only have the simple breakfast service, they are clean, convenient and comfortable, many of them are located in the downtown.
Why we suggest this tour itinerary?
In this itinerary, tourist will visit 2 most important places for the oriental culture in China - Mt.Taishan (or translated as Mt. Tai, at Taian City) and Qufu - the hometown of Confucius (28Sep 551 BC - 11Apr 479 BC). Mt.Taishan is distinguished as the foremost of the "Five Holy Mountains" and "the First Mountain Under Heaven" in ancient China for its majesty and beauty, hence it symbolizes ancient Chinese civilizations and beliefs, while Qufu is the birthplace of Confucius and the very important center of Confucianism. The oldest and biggest Confucius Temple, Confucius later Generations Residence, Confucius and His Familys Cemetery are in the city and all of them are well preserved. (Mt.Taishan, The Temple of Confucius, the Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion have been listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites since 1994.) In this tour, tourists can enjoy the splendid ancient Chinese building arts and natural scenery, on the other hand. And meanwhile, tourists can know more about the origin of ancient oriental culture - the Confucianism and the Taoism.
Suggested Tourist Attractions in the Itinerary:
Confucius Temple, Confucius later Generations Residence and Confucius and His Familys Cemetery.
the Temple of the Sacred Mt. Taishan, getting up to Mt. Taishan.
More about Confucius Temple:
Within two years after the death of Confucius (28Sep 551 BC - 11Apr 479 BC), his former house in Qufu was already consecrated as a temple by the Prince of Lu. The original three-room house of Confucius was removed from the temple complex during a rebuilding undertaken in 611 AD. After the devastation by fire in 1499, the temple was finally restored to its present scale.
The temple complex is the second largest historical building complex in China (after the Forbidden City), it covers an area of 16,000 square metres and has a total of 460 rooms. The main part of the temple consists of 9 courtyards arranged on a central axis, which is oriented in the north-south direction and is 1.3 km in length. The Dacheng Hall (means Great Perfection Hall) is the architectural center of the present day complex. The hall covers an area of 54 by 34 m and stands slightly less than 32 m tall. It is supported by 28 richly decorated pillars, each 6 m high and 0.8 m in diameter and carved in one piece out of local rock. The 10 columns on the front side of the hall are decorated with coiled dragons. It is said that these columns were covered during visits by the emperor in order not to arouse his envy. Dacheng Hall served as the principal place for offering sacrifices to the memory of Confucius.
More about Qufu city at Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qufu
More about Confucius Temple at Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Temple_of_Confucius,_Qufu
More about Confucius Temple at UNESCO website: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/704
More info about Confucius later Generations Residence at Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kong_Family_Mansion
More about Cemetery of Confucius:
The Cemetery of Confucius lies to the north of the town of Qufu. The oldest graves found in this location date back to the Zhou Dynasty (1046 B.C.―771 B.C.). The original tomb erected here in memory of Confucius on the bank of the Sishui River had the shape of an axe. In addition, it had a brick platform for sacrifices. The present-day tomb is a cone-shaped hill. Tombs for the descendants of Confucius and additional stela to commemorate him were soon added around Confucius tomb.
Since Confucius descendants were conferred noble titles and were given imperial princesses as wives, many of the tombs in the cemetery show the status symbols of noblemen. Today, there are about 3,600 tombstones dating from the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties still standing in the cemetery.
More than 10,000 mature trees give the cemetery a forest-like appearance. A road runs from the north gate of Qufu to the exterior gate of the cemetery in a straight line. It is 1266 m in length and lined by cypresses and pine trees.
More info about Confucius and His Familys Cemetery at Wikipeida: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cemetery_of_Confucius
More about Mt. Taishan:
Mt. Taishan is a mountain of historical and cultural significance located north of the city Taian. The tallest peak is Jade Emperor Peak, which is commonly reported at the height of1545 meters - the highest peak in the east China. It is a challenging to climb up to the Mt. Taishan for more than 1,605 steps. But you can also choose taking the vehicle to the higher point. Then taking the cable car to the peak.
It is associated with sunrise, birth, and renewal, and is often regarded the foremost of the five holy mountains in China. Mt. Taishan has been a place of worship for at least 3,000 years and served as one of the most important ceremonial centers of China during large portions of this period.
The Temple of the God of Mt. Taishan, known as the Dai Temple (Dai is the brief name of Mt. Tai), is the largest and most complete ancient building complex in this area. It is located at the foot of Mt. Taishan and covers an area of 96,000 square meters. The temple was first built during the Qin Dynasty (221-207 BC). Since Han Dynasty (206 B.C – 220 AD), its design has been a replica of the imperial palace, which makes it one out of three extant structures in China with the features of an imperial palace (the other two are the Forbidden City and the Confucius Temple in Qufu).
Note: On the top of Mt. Taishan, the average temperature will be much lower than other places, please bring some warm clothes in case.
More about Mt.Taishan at Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Tai
More about Mt.Taishan at UNESCO website: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/437